Drugs

Researchers in Australia recently examined whether the current popularity and perceived benefits of nature play are justified by any scientific evidence. Nature play is an increasingly popular design theme for children’s playgrounds.  Whereas traditional playgrounds consist of equipment such as slides and swings, nature play playgrounds are full of natural components such as rocks, ponds,
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A recent study compared the risk of cancer between non-hormonal-copper and hormone‑releasing intrauterine device users. An intrauterine device is a small device placed in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. There are two types of intrauterine devices: the non-hormonal-copper and the hormone-releasing intrauterine devices. As with any birth control, these devices also offer benefits and risks.
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A randomized phase 3 clinical trial has shown that pembrolizumab combined with chemotherapy improves the pathological complete response (defined as no evidence of cancer) of patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a high-risk cancer type comprising approximately 15% of all breast cancers. However, TNBC is more aggressive and has higher
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A recent review highlighted the psychological impact of quarantine and the ways to alleviate its effects.  The recent COVID-19 outbreak has impacted the world drastically. The World Health Organization (WHO) announced COVID-19 as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. Several people who had potential exposure to the virus are being asked to isolate themselves or
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Researchers attempt to shed light on possible means of in-hospital spread of SARS-CoV-2. The world is currently experiencing the near-global spread of the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus. Scientists from all over the globe are attempting to gather and process as much information as possible in order to slow or halt the spread of the disease. One
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Recent research shows the association of the use of e-cigarette or vaping products and lung injuries. In recent years, the use of e-cigarettes and other vaping products among youth has dramatically risen. These products can contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), the cannabis-derived compounds, along with other chemicals. Despite the rising use of vaping products
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Government implementations and social distancing are required strategies for controlling the COVID-19 outbreak. The COVID-19 outbreak is a developing pandemic and public health concern. The concern for viral outbreaks arises from the virus’s characteristics, disease severity, and available prevention and treatment modalities. Presently, global and national efforts have been focused on controlling the COVID-19 outbreak
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A recent study highlighted the benefits of baby cereal on infants’ nutrient status. Fortified baby cereal is the most common first solid food introduced to infants. By four-to-six months of age, 65% of infants consume baby cereals and it continues to be a predominant food for up to one year. As nutrition plays a significant
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A recent study has investigated the features of COVID-19 infection in infants hospitalized in China over a two-month period. During the spread of COVID-19 in recent months, there has been a relatively smaller number of cases of severe disease in infants reported. A recent study examined the demographic, epidemiologic, and clinical features of COVID-19 infection
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A recent study investigated whether anastrozole treatment could reduce the risk of breast cancer recurrence. Estrogen hormone promotes the growth and survival of normal and cancerous breast epithelial cells. Some breast cancers are more sensitive to the hormone estrogen, and they are known as estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancers. Anastrozole is in a class of
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Researchers propose to use an app to more quickly identify coronavirus cases. As news of COVID-19 continues to spread, people are looking for ways to decrease their risk of contracting the virus. The medical community is working tirelessly to reduce the spread of the virus to the more vulnerable populations. The prevalence of mobile devices
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Researchers investigated the effectiveness of health information campaigns to correct public misperceptions during disease outbreaks in Brazil. During disease outbreaks, a surge of news and public discussion can often lead to misperceptions and conspiracy theories about the disease. Incorrect messages compete with accurate information and advice given by public health bodies. This may mean that
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New Ellipsys vascular access system improves patient quality of life, research shows. Kidney diseases often affect the patient’s quality of life. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 5-10 million people die annually due to kidney diseases. These patients undergo dialysis several times a week, thereby experiencing severe pain, trauma, and scars due to multiple
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Amidst the current public health emergency, Gilead Sciences has initiated clinical trials for the antiviral agent remdesivir to asses safety and effectiveness against COVID-19. Remdesivir is an antiviral agent that works by preventing the replication of the virus within host cells. Remdesivir is not yet approved for use in patients, however, has had promising results
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Pilot study investigated the effectiveness of Botox treatment for occipital neuralgia, reporting improvements in pain and quality of life measures. Occipital neuralgia is a chronic headache condition that commonly causes headaches originating in the occipital nerve that runs from the spinal cord up through the nerves in the scalp. The pain from occipital neuralgia is
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A recent study has identified certain foods that can reduce the risk of ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke, respectively.   In 2013, stroke was the second-highest cause of death and the third-highest cause of disability globally. A stroke impairs blood flow in the brain, possibly leading to paralysis or death. There are two types of
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An FDA scientist and clinicians weigh in on using fecal microbiota transplants as effective treatment interventions. Using fecal bacteria to treat disease? Yes, it does exist. Two articles, both published in Cell Host and Microbiome, indicate the possibility of using fecal microbiota transplants (FMT) to treat inflammatory bowel disease—like ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease—and C.
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Researchers studied the symptoms and characteristics of patients infected with the COVID-19 virus. With tens of thousands of cases of the coronavirus, known as COVID-19, in China, an increase in the spread of COVID-19 infection to other countries is now being seen. Researchers from Zhejiang University in China recently performed a review of patients diagnosed
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When discontinuing antidepressant medications commonly prescribed to help treat depressive disorders, patients may experience antidepressant discontinuation syndrome. Antidepressant medications are most commonly used to help treat depressive disorders. They are also prescribed to help with other conditions such as chronic pain syndromes, eating disorders, generalized anxiety-disorders, neuropathic pain syndromes, and obsessive-compulsive disorders. Antidepressants include monoamine
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The discovery that the antiviral drug remdesivir prevented MERS-CoV disease in monkeys supports the clinical trial testing of remdesivir as a treatment for COVID-19. Three different coronavirus outbreaks (SARS, MERS, COVID-19) have emerged from animal reservoirs in the past two decades that have caused severe disease and concerns over global spread. The Middle East Respiratory
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