Clinical Trials & Research

In a new study, researchers propose a novel model of melanoma development, suggesting some skin cancers originate in hair follicles. Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer.  It is considered the seventh most common type of cancer in Canada with the number of newly diagnosed cases having tripled in the last thirty years. Melanoma
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An alternate erythropoietin receptor found in insects may be useful in leading the discovery of a cure for neurodegenerative diseases in humans. Erythropoietin (Epo) is a hormone that promotes the production of red blood cells (erythropoiesis) to improve oxygen supply to tissues and protect nerve cells from dying. Clinically, erythropoietin has been used as a
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Researchers test a new method of administering immunotherapy, in the hopes of overcoming existing barriers to immunotherapy for glioblastoma. Glioblastoma, the most common type of brain cancer, is considered one of the most aggressive forms of human cancer. The survival period for patients diagnosed and treated for glioblastoma averages at only 14 months. Though treatment
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Recently, researchers reported on the MyHeart Counts cardiovascular health study to determine how smartphone apps change physical activity in a person’s daily life. Physical activity, along with a healthy diet,  not only diminishes the risk of developing multiple diseases but also improves sleep and quality of life in general. Current guidelines recommend at least 150
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A recent study has found that levels of Lactic-D acid and TIMP-1 protein can serve as biomarkers for cervix length in pregnant women, helping to assess women’s risk of preterm birth. Preterm birth, which is birth that occurs before week 37 of pregnancy is associated with many medical complications for mother and baby, imposing both
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A recent meta-analysis investigated the relationship between bipolar disorder and Parkinson’s disease, examining whether such association may be inherent or due to drug-induced effects. Bipolar disorder is one of the most severe and complex psychiatric disorders. It is characterized primarily by the shifting of mood states from one extreme (i.e., depressive state) to another (i.e.,
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A new study evaluated possible links between participation in youth contact sport and neurological symptoms in early adulthood. Several recent studies have shown a link between sport-related concussion and an increased risk of neurological symptoms in later life amongst former contact sport professionals. This has led to concerns about the safety of contact sport for
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A new study reveals the relationship between sleep and the human gut microbiome. The human gut microbiome can influence physical and mental health, particularly through the brain-gut-microbiome axis (BGMA). Disruption in the BGMA have been associated with a number of health consequences, such as gastrointestinal disorders, anxiety, depression, Parkinson’s disease, as well as a decrease
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Researchers developed a new genetic-based method for rapid diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy in patients. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by seizures and abnormal sensations. It affects people of all ages. Seizures are caused by a sudden burst of electrical activity, which alters the normal functioning of the brain. According to the World Health
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A recent study investigated the use of steroids for inflammatory bowel disease. Researchers looked at how many patients developed a dependency on steroids or had steroid overuse. What is inflammatory bowel disease? Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an inflammatory disease of the digestive tract, which includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. It is a chronic
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A recent article published in Immunity discovered the mechanism of how gallstones form. Perhaps you know someone that has suffered from the presence of gallstones (cholelithiasis), since it is one of the leading causes of hospital admissions worldwide.  Or perhaps you have heard of gallstones but can’t exactly recall what they are. Although it has
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Researchers at Ohio State University recently published a study on the effects of e-cigs and how vaping causes inflammation in the lungs. Do you or does someone you know smoke e-cigarettes? Chances are, the answer is yes. Electronic cigarettes are becoming increasingly popular. However, we don’t understand much about them. E-cigarettes contain ingredients such as
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A research study determined the correlation between gastroesophageal reflux and pain from temporomandibular disorder. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a medical condition involving the flow of stomach acid up into the esophagus. Although it is a common temporary occurrence for most individuals, repeated gastroesophageal reflux can have a negative impact on the esophageal lining. Temporomandibular disorder
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