Cancer

In laboratory studies in mice, researchers investigated the link between success of an experimental cancer immunotherapy drug and gut bacteria. Different treatment approaches are used to treat different types of cancer. Cancer immunotherapy drugs help the body’s own immune system to attack abnormal tumor cells. Some tumor cells express proteins on their cell surfaces to
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Researchers describe the progress of a simple and non-invasive new urine test for prostate cancer that’s currently in development. Prostate cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers among men. Although there are effective treatments, such as radiotherapy and surgery for localized prostate cancer, men diagnosed with more progressive prostate cancer have a poorer
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Researchers at Lancaster University recently studied whether eating yogurt may lessen the risk of breast cancer. In the United States, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. While the rate of breast cancer deaths has gradually decreased since 1999, in 2016 the death rate was 20 deaths per 100,000 women. That equaled to
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A recent study supports previous research suggesting lifestyle factors such as diet can reduce breast cancer risk. Previous research has linked lifestyle factors such as diet, physical activity, and smoking status to breast cancer risk. A recent study published in Nutrition Journal further supports this previous research. Researchers examined lifestyle factors and how they affect
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New study finds that injecting tumours with flu vaccine may switch tumours from “cold” to “hot”. Immunotherapy is a promising new cancer treatment option that harnesses the body’s own immune system to attack cancer cells. Cancer immunotherapy provides an alternative to classical treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation that are associated with a host of
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An interdisciplinary group of scientists has successfully destroyed tumor cells in mice by using nano-sized copper compounds alongside immunotherapy. Importantly, the tumors did not return after the treatment ceased. According to the World Health Organization, cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide — in 2018, it was responsible for approximately 9.6 million deaths.
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New study examines whether exposure to 9/11 rubble increases cancer risk. The attacks on the World Trade Centre towers on September 11th, 2001 remain the defining moment of the 21st century. While close to 3,000 people were killed directly by the attacks, the devastating effects may have extended far beyond that fateful date. A new
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Adnexal masses are lumps that occur in the adnexa of the uterus, which includes the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. They have several possible causes, which can be gynecological or nongynecological. An adnexal mass could be: A family doctor can usually manage benign masses. However, prepubescent and postmenopausal individuals will need to see a gynecologist
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A recent literature review investigates whether turmeric may be useful for treating cancer. The authors conclude that it might be but note that there are many challenges to overcome before it makes it to the clinic. Turmeric is a member of the ginger family. Native to India and Southeast Asia, people have used turmeric root
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Cannabidiol (CBD) is available in many forms, including oils, tablets, and creams. The ideal dosages vary depending on both its form and usage. There is little research, though, so doctors are not yet able to confirm the safe, beneficial dosages for each use. CBD is an active ingredient in the cannabis plant. Products that contain
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Although scientists continually refine cancer treatments, there is still much room for improvement. A new study, carried out in mice, focuses on salt. The researchers have successfully used sodium chloride nanoparticles to destroy cancer cells. Share on PinterestInjecting salt nanoparticles into mouse tumors restricted their growth significantly. Over the decades, researchers have developed an ever-growing
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Researchers have zoomed in on the fine molecular and epigenetic mechanisms that explain the aggressive spread of melanoma. Share on PinterestScientists examine the epigenetic silencing of circRNA and how this drives the spread of melanoma. Along with DNA and proteins, RNA is one of the three essential macromolecules necessary for all forms of life. The
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Some forms of breast cancer cause no symptoms in the initial stages, so it is crucial to attend regular screenings. As with other forms of cancer, a person’s outlook is more favorable when a doctor detects the disease early. According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), the most common sign of breast cancer is a
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New research in mice shows “for the first time” that scientists can use protons to administer radiation therapy in a matter of milliseconds, killing cancer cells while protecting healthy tissue. Share on PinterestA proton-based FLASH session of radiotherapy could kill cancer in milliseconds, research suggests. Over half of the people with a cancer diagnosis receive
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Throat cancer is any cancer that develops within a person’s throat. There are two main types of throat cancer: pharyngeal cancer and laryngeal cancer. Pharyngeal cancer develops in the pharynx, which is the part of the throat that sits behind the mouth and nasal cavity. Laryngeal cancer develops in the voice box, or larynx. The
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Bitter melon, or bitter gourd, has served as a traditional Indian remedy for centuries. Recently, bitter melon extract supplements have been gaining popularity as an alternative medication for diabetes. Now, new research in mice seems to suggest that bitter melon extract may help fight cancer. Bitter melon (Momordica charantia), also known as bitter gourd, is
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Does using powder in the genital area increase the risk of ovarian cancer? A new data analysis of over 250,000 women found no link, but the authors urge caution as the study may not be large enough. Some people use powder on their genitals to reduce moisture, friction, or odor. Most powder products, which some
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Scrotal swelling refers to swelling of the scrotum. The scrotum is the sac of skin that holds the testicles. Sometimes, scrotal swelling may affect the entire scrotum. At other times, there may be swollen lumps on one or both sides of the scrotum. Scrotal swelling may be painless or very painful. Although it can be
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According to a recent study, individuals with obesity who undergo weight loss surgery have a reduced risk of developing skin cancer, including melanoma. Share on PinterestA recent study finds more evidence that obesity increases the risk of developing melanoma. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. Melanoma accounts for
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“Helen, I’m so sorry to tell you that you have stage 4 ovarian cancer.” I will never forget hearing those words. Share on PinterestCancer treatment was pretty grueling in the 1980s, and outcomes were a lot gloomier than they are today. Nothing could ever prepare you for hearing your doctor say you have cancer. My
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Lung cancer is the second most common type of cancer in adults in the United States. It is also the leading cause of death from cancer. Lung cancer treatment is much more effective when the disease is in its earlier stages. However, most people with lung cancer do not experience symptoms until the disease has
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In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) classified processed meats as Group 1 carcinogens, citing sufficient evidence that they cause cancer in humans. Now, a new review challenges this blanket classification, having found that the strength of the evidence varies according to whether the meat contains nitrites. Share on PinterestNot all processed meats are equally
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According to a recent study, people who regularly consume chili peppers have a reduced mortality risk compared with those who never eat chilis. Share on PinterestA new study concludes that chilis might reduce mortality risk. Chili peppers are now a global phenomenon. From Cambodia to California, and from Birmingham, Alabama to Birmingham, United Kingdom, spicy
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