Hot flashes during menopause are usually more severe in breast cancer survivors than in the general female population. Hormone-replacement therapy is a traditional treatment for hot flashes, but many women cannot tolerate these drugs. A recent study explored the use of oxybutynin for reducing hot flashes. Hot flashes are a common symptom of menopause. Menopause
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A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which a surgeon removes a person’s uterus. However, the surgeon often leaves part or all of the ovaries intact, which means it might still be possible for an individual to get ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer starts when tumor cells develop in the ovaries or the surrounding tissues. The
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Each year around this time, the internet starts going abuzz with warnings about the dreaded “Blue Monday,” the so-called most depressing day of the year. Where did the Blue Monday concept originate, and is it a real phenomenon? Is Blue Monday real? Where did this concept come from? A quick internet search will reveal that
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Scientists have uncovered a mechanism through which a toxic brain protein that is a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease can damage neurons, or brain cells. New research uncovers the mechanism that leads to the progressive loss of brain cells that characterizes Alzheimer’s disease. The team at the Grenoble Institute of Neurosciences in France that made the
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A new study examined whether memory recall is organized by time, correlating otherwise unrelated events. Memory, specifically episodic and semantic memory, is best understood as a working network of connections. Memory is understood to be interlinked in a web-like network, where certain memories form associations with other memories. Scientists have long been developing theories for
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A recent study published in European Heart Journal determined how eating red meat may increase the levels of a “not-good-for-heart” chemical, TMAO. Heart disease is a major contributor to deaths in the present era. Many scientific studies have found an association between eating red meat and the development of heart disease. Trimethylamine N-oxide(TMAO) is a
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Sociology researchers seek to understand the link between social stigma and self-esteem in those on the autistic spectrum. There has been a shift in contemporary thought surrounding people with autism and its respective variants including Asperger syndrome and high functioning autism (HFA). Adults with autism spectrum disorder receive less than 1% of autism research funding
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Around 4 years ago, when I was just 26 years old, I experienced a serious brain injury. As a result, I couldn’t use my arms or legs, and I could no longer read, write, or speak. Essentially, I lost all the skills that made me who I am. This is called aphasia. ‘For years now,
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Augmentin and amoxicillin are two types of antibiotics. Antibiotics help treat bacterial infections that may be too strong for the body’s immune system to clear. The two drugs are very similar. Amoxicillin is a very common type of antibiotic, and Augmentin contains amoxicillin and clavulanate or clavulanic acid, which may make it more effective against
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New research suggests that vital exhaustion, a marker of psychological distress, may raise the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Psychological distress in midlife may bring about dementia later on, suggests new research. Many factors may increase Alzheimer’s risk, including age, family history, and genetic makeup. Certain health issues, such as cardiovascular disease or diabetes, may
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Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb warned on Friday that if the partial government shutdown persists, it will force the FDA to make “hard decisions” on preserving key functions of the agency. The FDA cannot accept any new funding during the shutdown, which entered its 28th day on Friday. That has forced the agency
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The Food and Drug Administration is exploring ways to help wean teenagers off nicotine as huge numbers of middle and high school students use Juul and other e-cigarettes. The uptick in vape usage has undercut and even eclipsed progress in reducing cigarette smoking, FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb says. Federal data showed teen use of e-cigarettes
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A preliminary clinical trial shows that stem cell transplantation, along with a tolerable dose of chemotherapy, is safe and more effective at slowing down multiple sclerosis than other existing therapies. Scientists were able to slow down MS progression in a new clinical trial using stem cell transplantation. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurodegenerative condition
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Biotin, or vitamin B-7, is an essential nutrient for the human body. Some people use biotin supplements to manage symptoms of psoriasis. Biotin is important for skin health. Many people believe that biotin supplements can reduce psoriasis symptoms, which can include a scaly, red rash and thinning hair. However, no strong scientific evidence suggests that
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Treatment for hepatitis C involves using medications to control symptoms of the infection, as well as drugs that help cure the infection itself. Using medications may improve the outcome of the disorder by helping to prevent severe complications from chronic liver damage. In the past, there were not many medical treatments available to treat hepatitis
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There are five types of insomnia, each with its own distinct features, according to a recent study. New research concludes that insomnia may vary by personality type, among other factors. Scientists at the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience studied thousands of people who had voluntarily signed up to an online sleep registry. They concluded that insomnia
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The Food and Drug Administration is clearing the way for drug companies to increase access and lower the cost of a life-saving drug used to treat opioid overdoses. The FDA said Thursday it is streamlining the labeling for naloxone, a prescription drug that can reverse an opioid overdose if caught early enough. The change will
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In this study, researchers examine the pupillary responses of those who are stressed out in multi-tasking simulations versus simpler simulations. Stress in high-demand jobs is a well-researched topic. Many effective tools exist to examine several factors in stressed-out workers that engage in work requiring multitasking, including the Subjective Workload Assessment Technique and the Workload Profile,
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In a study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, researchers explored the effects of weight regain on various health outcomes. Obesity, the excessive accumulation of fat, is a major worldwide health concern. Obesity is often associated with other conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. Losing weight through diet
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